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Pech IV

Artifacts from Layers F1 - F4

1-2, 5 – Levallois flakes; 3 – Convex transverse scraper; 4 – Core; 6-7 – Backed knives; 8 – convergent scraper; 9 – Biface. All from Level F4 except 4 (Level F2).  

Levallois production drops considerably in these levels and is at its lowest for the entire sequence. Typologically, the F levels look somewhat like the J3a-c levels, except for the bifaces in the former and the elevated numbers of truncated-faceted pieces in the latter. Interestingly, there is a clear and steady increase in Upper Paleolithic types (especially backed knives). This is especially significant given that Bordes considered the MTA-B to be transitional to the Châtelperronian. A closer look at the technology and good dates for these levels may be of some importance in understanding the development of the Châtelperronian, as there are virtually no sites published that have good sequences containing both MTA-A and MTA-B -- the only other assemblages that Bordes characterized as being MTA-B are from Le Moustier (Level H), the série lustrée from Goderville, and Pech I (Couche 7). There does not seem to be a concomitant increase in blade technology, but blade technologies are a well recognized aspect of Mousterian variability throughout its duration , and temporal developments of this technology and its relationship to the later Châtelperonnian remain unclear.


Bordes' Excavations ] Stratigraphy ] Correlations ] XYZ ] J3a-c ] J1-J3 ] I2 ] G ] F1-F4 ]