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 Roc de Marsal

Neandertal Burial? - Future Research

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At the time of its discovery (1961), the Neandertal child at Roc de Marsal was found in a pit in the bedrock, which is one of the primary reasons why it has been interpreted as a deliberate burial.

Unfortunately, following its initial discovery, the entire block of sediment encom-passing the child remains was removed and trans-ferred to the Institut de Paléontologie Humaine in Paris.

While this technique aided in the extraction of the skeleton, it also made it much more difficult to learn more about the original context of the find – at this time there is only bedrock and an empty, excavated space in the find location.

In 2005 three hominid teeth were discovered, two from Level 2 (lower deciduous molars, perhaps from the same individual) and one from Level 8 (a permanent upper first or second molar). 

None of these has any relationship (stratigraphic or other) to the original child skeleton.