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Smuggler's Cave

Stratigraphically, a thin sterile layer (6) follows the Neolithic. This layer separates the Neolithic from the underlying Epipaleolithic/Upper Paleolithic (Iberomaurusian). In the original stratigraphy the Iberomaurusian is found in layer 2. In the revised stratigraphy this occupation occurs in layer 7 (Roche and Texier 1976). Material from this layer consists of 543 tools and 7635 flakes (Roche 1963).

The assemblage does not contain any bone tools due to the poor preservation of bone in the upper layers of the site (Roche 1958-1959). The industry is typical for the Iberomaurusian and consists of backed bladelets, endscrapers, a large tool component, and denticulates (figures 11 and 12). Burins are rare and geometric microliths entirely absent. The microburin technique is present. More surprising for the Iberomaurusian is the complete absence of bone tools, which might be due to preservation issues, and the fact that wedged pieces are very rare (pièces esquillées) (Roche 1963). Cores consist primarily the single platform and opposed platform varieties. Further a piece of hematite with a polished surface can be noted.

This industry can be successfully compared to the material found hundreds of kilometers away at the site of Taforalt near Oujda (Roche 1963). Only the material from the Iberomaurusian layer is fairly completely published. All other layers have been published in only cursorily manner.

content provided by Utsav Schurmans from the Rapport D'Operations Pour l'Année 2006

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History of Excavation The Stratigraphy DatesThe Neolithic Upper Paleolithic Middle Paleolithic Fauna Hominids